英语语法学习:关系代词只能用that的情况2

  学习啦:在什么样的情况下我们只能用that作为关系代词呢?下面我们一起看看这篇《关系代词只能用“that”的情况》。

  1)、当先行词既有人,又有物时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  John asked about the factories and workers that he had visited.

  约翰询问了他拜访过的工厂和工人的情况。

  句中先行词是“the factories and workers”,所以关系代词只能用“that”。

  2)、当先行词为all, any, little, few, much, none, everything, anything, nothing等不定代词时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  All that I have is yours.

  凡是我所拥有的都是你的。

  I will support everything that you do.

  我会支持你所做的一切。

  Is there anything that I can do for you?

  需要我为您做什么吗?

  There is nothing that we can do now.

  我们现在什么也做不了。

  3)、当先行词有all, any, little, few, much, every, no, some, one等修饰时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  All the people that you invited are coming.

  你所邀请的人全都来了。

  Every boy that in the class passed the test.

  班上所有的男生测试都通过了。

  There is no people that are willing to help.

  没有人愿意帮忙。

  4)、当先行词有the only,the very,the same,the right等修饰时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  The only part of the dinner that I love is the dessert.

  晚餐只有甜点是我爱吃的。

  This is the very book that I want.

  这正是我想要的书。

  She bought the same car that you did.

  她买的汽车和你买的一样。

  You are the right man that I want.

  你就是我想要的那个合适的人。

  5)、当先行词有序数词、数词、形容词最高级等修饰时,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  He is the first guy that I fell in love with.

  他是我第一个爱上的小伙子。

  I have three books that are very interesting.

  我有三本很有趣的书。

  This is the biggest apple that I have ever seen.

  这是我有史以来见过的最大的苹果。

  Shakespeare is the greatest English writer that ever lived.

  莎士比亚是有史以来最伟大的英国作家。

  6)、当主句是以which、who、what开头的特殊疑问句时,定语从句的关系代词通常只能用“that”,例如:

  Which of the pencils that are green do you like?

  这些绿色的铅笔你喜欢哪一支?

  Who’s the girl that you are looking for?

  你正在找的女孩是谁?

  What’s the thing that you want?

  你想要的是什么?

  7)、在“there be”句型中,关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  There are two people that are willing to help.

  有两个人愿意帮忙。

  8)、在强调句型“It is ... that ...”中,定语从句的关系代词只能用“that”,例如:

  It is in this city that we met ten years ago.

  十年前我们就是在这座城市见面的。

  公众号: 你莫愁英语语法

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